Category Archives: Libya

Posts covering Libya

Tourism in Libya, Opportunity and Challenge

By Congrong Zheng

Tourism might be a way to help Libya out, mentioned by Libya Herald. After the death of Gaddafi, Libya was trapped by political changes, unemployment and safety issues.

As for tourism, Libya is best known for its ancient Greek and Roman ruins and Sahara desert landscapes. The ancient Roman city used to attract more than 20,000 foreign visitors annually before the 2011 war that ousted Muammar Gaddafi. Now the temples and mosaics overlooking the turquoise waters of the Mediterranean are usually deserted. There are currently about 13,000 hotel rooms in Libya, a figure the government hopes to increase to 50,000.Libya can be visited as part of an organized tour, or on a transit visa, obtainable in either Cario or Tunis.

Recently a new World Bank study entitled “Tourism in Africa: Harnessing Tourism for Growth and Improved Livelihoods” looks at tourism as a possible vehicle for future economic growth and job creation in the continent.The statistics show that there is potentially a lot of room for Libya’s tourism sector to expand to, and starting from a very low base, especially relative to neighbors Tunisia and Egypt, short term growth should be attainable – all other things been equal.

However, Libya will have to address a number of existing constraints such as land availability, investor access to finance, taxes on tourism investments, low levels of tourism skills, lack of security, safety and high crime, public health, visa requirements and red tape and bureaucracy.


Environmental Issue in Libya

By Congrong Zheng


On June 2013, Libya Herald, the new independent Libya daily posted a story about the tough environmental issue of Libya facing now. “Libya faces pressing challenges over water supplies, sewerage treatment and garbage disposal an environmental conference has been told.” Recently  Korea-Libya Environmental Cooperation forum, was held in Korea. The forum was an opportunity for both Libyans and Koreans to develop networking for a more productive cooperation. Since Libya new government was established, lots of constructions of public system projects are under way. It will take time for Libya to finish them up.


Right now, Libya has undertaken a number of major irrigation projects intended to ease the country’s water shortage. The most ambitious is the so-called Great Man-Made River (GMMR), a massive 25-year irrigation scheme begun in 1984. Expected to cost $30 billion, the GMMR is a vast water pipeline system designed to tap the aquifers of the Sarir, Sabha, and Al Kufrah oases in southern Libya and transport fresh water to Libyan towns and agricultural areas along the Mediterranean coast. Although the project’s planners predict that the GMMR could supply Libya with 5 million cubic meters (177 million cubic feet) of water per day when completed, it is unclear how long the water supplies can be exploited.


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Economy of Libya

By Congrong Zheng

Fareed Zakaria mentioned in his book, The Post American World that ,” in the two decades since the end of the Cold War, we have lived through a paradox, one we experience every morning when reading the newspapers. The world’s politics seems deeply troubled, with daily reports of bombings, terror plots, rogue states, and civil strife. And yet the global economy forges ahead”.

Libya has gone through exactly pathway the author mentioned in his book. Libya’s economy is structured primarily around the nation’s energy sector, which generates about 95% of export earnings, 80% of GDP, and 99% of government income. Substantial revenue from the energy sector coupled with a small population give Libya one of the highest per capita GDPs in Africa. Even though Gaddafi’s dictatorship existed in Libya for such a long time, Libya’s economy situation was still ahead of lots of Africa countries. Libya’s economy did face challenges when UN lifted Sanction imposed on Libya. Libya was pretty much isolated and their energy sector could not function anymore. At the last five years of Gaddahfi’s regime, Libya announced abandon the program of build weapon with massive destruction. Since then, Libya attract greater foreign direct investment, especially in the energy and banking sectors. Libyan oil and gas licensing rounds drew high international interest.  Even after Civil war and Gaddahfi was killed, Libya which is under the transaction, does not drop to the bottom.

Here is a story about Libya’s economic situation made by Alqarra TV an Africa new’s agency. They mentioned the oil producing were back to normal after two years of the war. However inflation rate, unemployment has gone up dramatically. Economy still need rely on a secured country environment.

Another special fact of Libya economy, during Gaddahfi’s government, Libya is a heavily subsidized country,which has helped to prevent the increase of poverty. Subsidy also caused a lot of issues in Libya, the new government has tired different solutions to remove subsidy and recently, they announced to raise the wage in public sectors about 20% to help achieve their goal.

Public Sector Wages to Jump 20% (from Libya business news)

Libya is a member of United Nations. Libya has submitted application at 2004 for WTO but has not been approved. From WTO website, “The General Council established a Working Party to examine the application of Libya on 27 July 2004. Libya has not yet submitted its Memorandum on the Foreign Trade Regime. The Working Party has not met”.


By Congrong Zheng


Libya, one of the most popular countries in 2011, caught most people’s eyeball because of the assassination of a special leader Muammar Qadhafi. Libya is lightly larger than Alaska with a very dry and hot climate. 90 percent of Libya is desert and semi desert.  The land is mostly barren and depression. There are about 6 million people lived in this country and life expectancy is about 75.83 years old. Majority of them are Arab.

lybia dessert

Libya was controlled by Italy until the end of World War two. At 1951, Libya achieved independence after passed by UN.  Around 1969, Muammar Qadahfi established the his leadership with a combined socialism and Islam. With the revenue from oil and natural gas, Qadahfi has tried to promote his ideology to other parts of the world, by supporting terrorism activities. After UN sanctioned punishment to Libya, Qadahfi had tried to normalize the relationship with Western world. 2011 Qadahfi was killed during the civil war  in Libya. Right now Libya has elected new government and prime minister.

Libya Herald, an independent Libya news agency could be a source to find out what is going in Libya right now.


The latest news from Libya Herald,Developers threaten UNESCO World Heritage site, mentioned that a two thousand-year old necropolis at Cyrene was badly damaged by residents who tried to claim the ownership of land. “local farmers have reportedly brought in excavators and diggers to clear and flatten those areas they plan to sell to developers for future building projects.” This necropolis was one of the five UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage sites in Libya.