Quick facts about Sudan (CIA World Factbook):
- Population: 34,847,910
- Religions: Sunni Muslim, Christianity
- Total life expectancy: about 63 years
- Location: bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea
- Ethnic groups: Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
Sudan is facing a number of problems currently, one of the largest being a poor economy. Sudan has been suffering since South Sudan separated and formed its own country in July 2011. South Sudan was the region of the country that was responsibly for approximately 75% of Sudan’s oil production, which sustained the economy.
Another large problem for Sudan is the ongoing genocide occurring in Darfur.
Darfur is composed of many different ethnic tribes, a few of which decided to rebel against the government in the early 2000’s. The government quickly responded by targeting those ethnic groups and killing their members. Today, the government continues to target the tribes, but the tribes also suffer from internal divisions that make it harder to fight as a cohesive unit (safedarfur.org). According to the United Human Rights Council, around 5,000 people are killed each month in the conflict between the military government and people who feel the government is not protecting its citizens. The International Criminal Court has been fighting to reduce the genocide for years by launching investigations into human rights violations in Darfur. “On March 4, 2009 Sudanese President Omar al Bashir became the first sitting president to be indicted by ICC for directing a campaign of mass killing, rape, and pillage against civilians in Darfur.”
Below is a documentary produced by BBC about the ongoing genocide in Darfur and China’s involvement.
One of the most recent issues in Sudan has been immense flooding that has displaced thousands. The Sudan Tribune reported, in conjunction with the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, that the heavy rains have affected 530,000 people across Sudan and destroyed or damaged 74,000 homes. The Guardian is reporting that 48 people are dead after the recent floods.
The World Health Organization “has expressed concerns that heavy rains and floods may aggravate outbreaks of communicable diseases, particularly diarrhoea, malaria, dengue fever and Rift Valley fever.” This could be increasingly dangerous in an area such as Sudan with poor sanitation and lack of healthcare. There is a possibility water-borne illnesses could spread even faster due to the large amounts of standing water on the ground.
Posted by Courtney Doll